Methods for treating nail fungus

Nail fungus is a dermatological pathology that is commonly diagnosed in almost every fifth person. Foot mycosis (onychomycosis) is caused by damage to the nails or feet by a fungus - red trichophyton. Often, mold and candida merge with trichophyton colonies. The causes of the onset of the disease are abrasions, cuts, sores and corns on the feet, irregular foot hygiene care, taking antibiotics and other medications, excessive foot sweating, weakened immunity and other factors.

The doctor performs a diagnostic examination on the toenails of patients with onychomycosis

Externally, nail fungus manifests itself as discoloration and thickening of the nail, which can lead to breakage or collapse. The fungus is located between the base and the nail plate, which gives the nail plate a white, gray, yellow, brown, sometimes green or black color.

Tactics and treatment regimens for nail fungus are determined by the doctor individually, taking into account the localization, spread and severity of mycotic lesions, the duration of the disease and the presence of concomitant diseases.

As a result of the growth and reproduction of pathogenic fungi, toxic substances accumulate in the human body. They are carried by the bloodstream, which provokes a deterioration of metabolic processes and an increase in the body's susceptibility to the influence of external factors. Prolonged course of onychomycosis can lead to the development of allergic reactions, exacerbation of chronic pathology and weakening of the immune system.

To avoid serious complications, when there are the first symptoms of toenail fungus, see a doctor who will provide appropriate treatment.

Nail Fungus Treatment Methods

To prescribe an effective therapeutic regimen, it is important to determine the cause of mycosis and the type of fungus. To do this, the doctor collects clinical data during the consultation, prescribes a culture and microscopic examination of the cuttings from the affected nails. In some cases, nail particle analysis and PCR diagnostics are prescribed.

On average, foot mycosis therapy lasts for 3-6 months. Taking into account the nature and spread of mycotic lesions, severity of clinical manifestations and type of pathogen, therapy for foot fungus can include hardware treatment on the foot, taking systemic medications, using local remedies and observing a number of preventive measures.

Laser treatment of toenail fungus

Previously, the treatment of onychomycosis was carried out using radical methods: the affected nails were removed by surgical methods, after which a long recovery began. Thanks to the development of modern technology, now the processing of nail hardware with lasers is used to treat mycotic lesions. By using a laser beam, the doctor can simply remove the affected nail area without damaging healthy tissue. In comparison to surgery, laser therapy of foot fungus is characterized by minimal postoperative complications and a short recovery period.

Nail plate removal by hardware methods is determined when more than 40% of the surface is affected. The number of laser therapy sessions is determined by the doctor individually.

After laser exposure, the nail plate, while growing, should be treated with special local preparations. Immunomodulators and antibacterial agents can also be prescribed.

Preparations and remedies for the treatment of toenail fungus

Early stage therapy of mycosis, when less than 40% of the nail plate is affected, is performed using external drugs (solutions, varnishes, ointments, gels, creams). To achieve the desired results, it is important to adhere to the prescribed medication regimen and dosage.

The selection of external agents for the treatment of foot mycosis is made taking into account the localization of fungal lesions and skin type. Dry skin is treated with preparations with high fat content. Ointments are prescribed for the soles of the feet, and suspensions for the space between the toes. Also, foot mycosis is treated with special varnishes and creams. In order for the drug to penetrate the nail better, the affected nail plate is removed (as shown).

After treatment for 2 weeks, the external drug must be replaced with another, because during this time the fungal infection becomes resistant to the drug used. For nail growth, doctors prescribe special medications that should be used to treat the affected area for about a year. If the interdigital space or foot is damaged by mycosis, the ointment is applied for a month.

To achieve successful results, local therapy is combined with systemic therapy. In this case, the patient is given antimycotic and immunostimulatory drugs. The effectiveness of systemic medication intake will depend on adherence to the prescribed treatment regimen rules. The choice of medication and its dosage is determined by the doctor individually.

Therapy with local drugs is prescribed only if there is restriction of systemic drug intake and in the early stages of mycotic lesions.

Prevention and recommendations after the treatment of complex toenail fungus

If the scheme of therapeutic action is chosen correctly, mycosis will not return. Since the progression of the disease is due to re -infection, the most effective treatment for nail fungus is its prevention.

To prevent re -infection with the fungus and achieve maximum therapeutic results, the following recommendations should be followed:

  • Treat all places where fungi can live with antibacterial drugs;
  • Remove the bottom and walls of the bathtub by a special method;
  • Change house slippers and treat shoes, boots, shoes and other footwear with ultraviolet rays or special agents;
  • Wash and iron sheets, towels, tights and socks;
  • Eradicate manicure supplies;
  • Use personal hygiene items in public places (fitness room, swimming pool);
  • Monitor the condition of the feet regularly.

Taking onychomycosis medication on its own can lead to the occurrence of adverse complications, therefore, if you notice the first signs of nail fungus, contact a competent specialist.